The International Network on
Innovative Apprenticeship

Welcome to the INAP Network!

The International Network on Innovative Apprenticeship (INAP) is an association of researchers and research institutions in vocational education and training. It has been founded in 2006 within the frame of the 14th Hochschultage Berufliche Bildung carried out by the University of Bremen. Since its foundation, INAP conferences are regularly held. In Washington 2017, around 120 Researchers from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and North America confirmed the assumption that the new interest in dual vocational education and training is stimulating more and more national and international research and development projects as well as policy initiatives towards the re-establishment of dual vocational education. The network aims at reaching a brought audience of TVET researchers by publishing current research results and conference proceedings.

Although INAP had scheduled its ninth face to face conference for 2021, the pandemic’s ongoing impact is preventing INAP scholars from coming together to present and discuss new research findings. Given this unfortunate reality, the INAP Board decided to collaborate with Urban Institute to hold a virtual forum with country experts on apprenticeship trends in seven countries, ranging from East Asia, to Europe, and to North America. This turns a problem into an opportunity; holding this forum on-line will offer the opportunity to reach and enlighten not only INAP members and those who can travel but also the broader research, policy, and general communities across the world.

In cooperation with Urban Institute INAP has organized its first virtual forum on "The State of Apprenticeship During the Covid-19 Pandemic" including reports from seven countries. Our forum was held and recorded on

May 26, 2021, 8 AM-10 AM, US Eastern Time